Resources

Resources

The Oslo Forum process strives to critically examine the current practice of conflict mediation. The themes raised at each event are intended to provoke discussions, suggest interesting questions and propose new or unconventional approaches. 

Background papers and interviews are prepared prior to the retreats to set the tone for discussions and to sensitise participants to current debates and innovative ideas.

Background papers and interviews do not represent the positions of the Royal Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs or the Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue (HD).

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Oslo Forum 2006 - Background Paper - Accommodating Diversity: Federalism, Autonomy and Other Options
Abstract

This paper analyses federalism, autonomy, decentralization and power sharing as some of the many options that are available to accommodate diverse and competing interests and identities. As conflict parties are cautious in arguing for and agreeing on new institutions to accommodate conflict and sustain peace processes, how can institutions be designed in such a way as to positively transform politics and how can they be adopted to meet the challenges of a particular scenario?
 

by
Katia Papagianni,
25 Jun 2006
Oslo Forum 2006 - Background Paper - Managing Constituencies: Political Opposition during a Peace Process
Abstract

A better understanding of process design is essential to mitigate the risk of negotiation fatigue amongst constituencies and to carry a peace process even in times of little or no progress until a positive and sustainable agreement has been reached. Keith Fitzgerald argues that, in war-ridden countries, the public frequently supports parties opposed to negotiated agreements as opposed to those favouring them. The author then presents options for preventing this dynamic from the outset, through the way in which the process is structured.
 

by
Keith Fitzgerald,
25 Jun 2006
Oslo Forum 2006 - Background Paper - Towards Some Ethical Guidelines for Good Practice in Third Party Mediation in Armed Conflict
Abstract

Third party mediation in international and non-international armed conflict is highly political, fluid and complex. This draft document is designed to begin a discussion on what core values, operational principles and standards of good practice might be commonly agreed by the majority of track one mediators in contemporary armed conflict. It additionally poses the question of whether such a code of practise is a good idea.
 

by
Hugo Slim,
25 Jun 2006
Oslo Forum 2006 - Background Paper - The Tradecraft Transmission Belt: Transferring Knowledge of Mediation from Practice to Theory, from Theory to Practice and back
Abstract

The problem in transferring knowledge from theory to practice and back again lies primarily in the mechanics of the exchange, i.e. the "transmission belt" that links mediation experience to analysis and distillation of lessons learned to professional education and training of practitioners. Drawing on the experience of the United States Institute of Peace, this paper sets out some illustrative examples of how the transmission belt functions and how it could be improved.
 

by
Chester Crocker,
25 Jun 2006
Oslo Forum 2006 - Background Paper - The UN as Conflict Mediator: First Among Equals or Last Resort?
Abstract

The market in armed conflict mediation is becoming increasingly crowded. In addition to governmental and institutional involvement, mediation efforts are increasingly pursued by regional and international organisations as well as by non-governmental organisations and individuals. Is the UN really the best organisation to mediate armed conflicts? Are there specific kinds of war or particular parts of the world where the UN is better equipped to perform this mediation role? What are particular advantages the UN enjoys or disadvantages the UN faces and what are the implications for strengthening future capacity?
 

by
Thant Myint-U,
25 Jun 2006

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Updates

2nd Oslo Forum Peacewriter Prize

The Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue (HD) is launching the second edition of the Oslo Forum Peacewriter Prize, an essay competition seeking bold and innovative responses to today’s peacemaking challenges.